According to early Genesis, God created the Earth before the sun, moon, and stars. Will he create the new Heavens and the new Earth in the same manner?
Genesis 1:1 says God created the heavens and the earth at the same time. The sun, moon, and stars are objects within the heavens, the universe. It all depends on how you interpret the days of creation that she would figure out exactly when things were created.
Some of the most credible interpretations don’t talk about material objects when they interpret Genesis 1-2. They suggest that the Israelites did not have the creation account to explain the materials of creation but God’s purpose behind creating.
They didn’t understand, for instance, the mood to be an object floating in space. In fact, they call it a light. The moon reflects the light of the sun, but they wouldn’t have understood that. To them, it was the lesser light in the night.
But to answer your question, there are several approaches by scholars and theologians on the matter of the new heavens and the new earth. Some believe that God is going to re-create so he wouldn’t the new heavens and new earth after destroying this one.
Others believe God is going to renew this heavens and earth after practically destroying it in the apocalypse. There are scriptural possibilities for both views. As with all apocalyptic and end times events, we cannot be sure of exactly how God is going to do things.
They give us good insight and understanding as to his purposes behind the destruction of the apocalypse. But the Bible doesn’t completely lay out a step-by-step event map of everything God’s going to do and when he’s going to do it.
I personally hold my own views based on Scripture and my interpretation of it of how God is going to do everything. But I hold it lightly because no one really knows everything about the end times. I believe God left a little bit of mystery.
If God starts again to create out of nothing, he probably will create the same way he created before. However, I believe Scripture points to a different kind of creation, just as it points to the perishable body putting on the imperishable body, the temporal body exchanged for the eternal one in 1 Corinthians 15:50-58.
If this is the case, creation may be different in ways we can’t possibly imagine right now. But I can gets healthy to wonder about the new heavens and new earth, to use our imagination to think of the great things God is going to do before our very eyes.